30 credits at level HE7
To provide in-depth understanding and promote critical thinking of the different issues and approaches related to criminal behaviour and crime reduction policies.
Explanations of criminality 1: What are the causes of crime? Explanations in terms of the biology & psychology of the individual person; policy implications
Explanations of criminality 2: What are the causes of crime? Explanations in terms of society and deviance; social policy implications
Extent of crime: An examination of problems in connectiion with the measurement of crime - how reliable are Official Statistics & what influences public perceptions?
Offending behaviour: What is the extent of, what are the reasons for, and what can be done about youth crime? What gender differences exist in relation to criminality?
Types of offending: Different categories of crime, their extent and prevalence; specific issues & problems surrounding viiolent crime, sexual offending & property crime.
Criminal Justice System: Problems relating to the purposes, effectiveness & efficiency of the CJS and underlying penal philosophies.
Conceptions of Crime Prevention: What is crime prevention? Crime prevention strategies in relation to historical time periods and geographical locations.
Situational & Environmental approaches: Attempts to design out opportunistic crime; scope & limitations of psychological models in relation to 'the reasoning criminal'.
Social & Community Approaches: Explores the shift to 'community discourses' in the 1990s and the perceived links between crime & community 'breakdown'.
Techniques of Surveillance & Mapping: Are surveillance techniques & Geographic Information Systems the ways forward for future crime control?
Crime & Disorder Reduction Partnerships: What are the origins, rationales & efficacy behind the 'partnership' approach to crime reduction?
Evaluative Models and Strategies: How is 'Impact' assessed in relation to the efficacy of crime reduction strategies & interventions?
This is a standard 14 week module consisting of 12 weeks of teaching and 2 assignment preparation weeks. The module introduces students to key concepts, methods and approaches in the areas of criminal behaviour and crime reduction. Delivery of the module will take place over 12 x 3 hour sessions; these sessions will typically be based around a lecture (1.5-2 hours per week) focusing on theoretical approaches or concepts. The lectures will be accompanied by a variety of other class or off-site activities (1-1.5 hours per week) in which students will be involved in group discussions, debates, practical work, watching video materials and engaged in computer based learning. These activities are designed to enhance students' understanding of criminological research and to develop their critical/evaluative skills.
Learning outcomes 1, 2, 4 , 5 and 6 are assessed by a coursework assignment involving a critical review of one published paper. Learning outcomes 2, 3 and 6 will be assessed by a practical report involving a proposal for a crime reduction initiative.
Module time allocations are:
Class contact = 36 hours (3 x 12 hours)
Private study = 164 hours (to include recommended reading, independent study, preparation of coursework)
TOTAL = 200 hours
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||be able to understand a range of theories and concepts within criminology||show a critical awareness of the scope and limitations of various disciplinary approaches to criminality|
|2.||be able to demonstrate critical and analytic thinking in relation to crime reduction measures||deploy a rigorous academic scrutiny of the production of criminological knowledge|
|3.||demonstrate competencies in the use of measuring instruments for the collection, scoring and interpreting of empirical data||exhibit robust analytic skills with regard to administering, analysing and interpreting qualitative and quantitative data|
|4.||have acquired search skills in relation to internet sources and relevant data bases||evidence a variety of sources of information in all assessed work through appropriate citations and referencing|
|5.||show independence and autonomy in relation to research skills||pursue self-directed goals and initiatives in relation to academic tasks|
|6.||demonstrate appropriate communication skills||present ideas in a clear, succinct, coherent and relevant manner|
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||A critical review of a 'target' research paper on any topic that is relevant to the module||A practical report involving collectionorganisation of data, use of measurement tools, analysis and commentary|
Before taking this module you must have successfully completed the following:
and/or be taking the following corequisite modules:
You cannot take this module if you are taking or have taken:
Bartol, C. R. & Bartol, A. M. (2008) Criminal Behaviour: a psychosocial approach (8th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Carrabine, E., Iganski, P., Lee, M., Plummer, K. & South, N. (2004) Criminology: A Sociological Introduction. London: Routledge.
Crawford, A. (1998) Crime Prevention & Community Safety: Politics, Policies & Practices. Addison Wesley Longman Ltd.
Davies, M. (2005) Criminal Justice: an introduction to the criminal justice system in England & Wales. Harlow: Pearson/Longman.
Hughes, G. (1998) Understanding Crime Prevention. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Jones, S. (2001) Understanding Violent Crime. Buckingham: Open University Press.
Maguire, M., Morgan, R., & Reiner, R. (eds) (2007) The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (4th ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Muncie, J. (2004) Youth & Crime: A Critical Introduction (2nd ed). London: Sage.
Newburn, T. (2007) Criminology. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing.
Silvestri, M. & Crowther-Dowey, C. (2008) Gender & Crime. Los Angeles: Sage.
Squires, P. (ed) (2006) Community Safety: Critical perspectives on policy & practice. Bristol: The Policy Press.
Tilley, N. (ed) (2005) Handbook of Crime Prevention & Community Safety. Cullompton, Devon: Willan Publishing.
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