20 credits at level HE5
To provide a comparative study of the relationships between structure, function and adaptation in some major animal groups
To further develop students knowledge and understanding of the major theoretical aspects of plant physiology
To introduce students to the study of plant anatomy in a range of plant taxa
To introduce students to plant taxonomy and classification
To enhance students' transferable skills, including IT, data interpretation, researching and communication skills
Homeostasis - The consequences of respiration. Temperature regulation in bees, reptiles and birds.
Obtaining, processing and supplying fuel to the cells. Feeding methods in animals, digestion, absorption and transport via the circulatory system.
Oxygen supply and responses to changing demands (Effects of hypoxia e.g.. at altitude, and in aquatic animals)
Removal of waste materials. Excretion of CO2 and nitrogenous wastes, osmotic and ionic regulation, ion transport mechanisms.
Comparative morphology of skeletal systems (Roles in locomotion, muscle systems and their control).
Control systems: Hormones and nerves.
Plant Classification and taxonomy - life cycles, derived and relict features;.
Plant Anatomy - Plant tissues; floral structure in Anthophytes; structure of roots and shoots.
Palnt Growth and development - Primary and secondary meristems. Germination and dormancy.
Plant Nutrition and transport - water potential. Mycorrhizal fungi and their association with plant roots. Transpiration and transport of water through the plant. Transport of photoassimilates. Photorespiration and C3, C4 and CAM photosynthetic pathways.
Role of plant hormones in plant development. Agricultural and horticultural applications of hormones.
Topics will be introduced by interactive lectures, drawing on students' prior knowledge and extended in class through small group work using paper exercises together with CD-ROM's, videos and Internet-based activities and some laboratory activities.
Directed reading and other activities will be used to allow students to expand on class material and to prepare for later sessions
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Demonstrate understanding of aspects of the physiology of a number of animal groups||
1a) Explain, by reference to examples, the concept of homeostasis
b) Explain the functioning of a number of physiological systems, the inter-relationships between these systems and their adaptive significance in major groups of animals
|2.||Demonstrate a knowledge of the major concepts in plant physiology, classification and anatomy||Describe and explain major concepts in plant science|
|3.||Access, evaluate, and make use of appropriate scientific literature to support their understanding of organism physiology.||Provide clear evidence of reading around the subject and of selection of appropriate sources of information|
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Two essays||Unseen Examination|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
Bell, A.D. (1991) Plant Form. Oxford: University Press (out of print, but available from Library)
Blake, R.W. (1991) Efficiency and economy in animal physiology. CUP
Gilles, R. (1991) Advances in comparative and environmental physiology. Volume 9 : volume and osmolarity control in animal cells. Springer Verlag
Hopkins, W.G. (2004) An Introduction to Plant Phsiology. 3rd Ed. New York: John Wiley
Kay, I. (1998) Introduction to animal physiology. BIOS
Lack, A.J., & Evans, D.E. (2001) Plant Biology. Instant Notes Series, Oxford: Bios Scientific.
Mauseth, J.D. (2003) Botany: an Introduction to Plant Biology. 3rd Ed. London: Jones & Bartlett
Prosser, C.L. (1991) Environmental and metabolic animal physiology.
Wiley-Liss (out of print, but available from LS and D)
Randall, D. et al (1997) Eckert animal physiology: mechanisms and adaptations. Freeman
Salisbury, F.B. & Ross, C.W. (1992) Plant Physiology. 4th Ed. Wadsworth
Schmidt-Nielsen, K. (1997) Animal physiology. CUP
Stewart, M. (1991) Animal physiology. Hodder & Stoughton (out of print, but available from Library)
Taiz, L. & Zeiger, E. (2002) Plant Physiology. 3rd Ed. Sinauer
Willmer, P. et al (2000) Environmental physiology of animals. Blackwell Science.
Withers, P.C. (1992) Comparative animal physiology. Saunders
Various Internet sources (e.g.) LSTN Biosciences material
Open University videos for S203 (Biology) and S324 (Animal physiology)
|Host Subject Group:||Psychology and Life Sciences|
|User Name||Date Accessed||Action|