15 credits at level HE4
The aim of this module is to give you an overview of various complementary and alternative therapies which are practiced, the terminology surrounding them, the cultures in which they have been originally embedded, and their progression into western society. The module will focus on the origins of the therapies and the principles on which they are thought to be based. You will investigate the contributions of key figures in the history of complementary and alternative therapies and their impacts on the discipline. You will review the House of Lords Select Committee Report (2000) on the evidence–base and legislative status of complementary and alternative medicine. In addition, you will compare the orthodox medical approach to health care with that of complementary and alternative therapies.
Terminology: the distinction between complementary and alternative therapy; Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM).
Complementary and alternative therapies and their principles: range of therapies (e.g., acupuncture , homeopathy, auricular therapy, reflexology, massage, acupressure, osteopathy, chiropractic, cranial sacral therapy, yoga, meditation, reiki, aromatherapy, Bowen technique, Bach-flower remedies, kinesiology, iridology, shiatsu, traditional Chinese medicine, hypnotherapy, ayurvedic, counselling); categorisation of therapies (e.g., pharmaceutically, physically, and psychologically mediated therapies; groupings of therapies in the House of Lords Select Committee Report (2000)); principles and techniques; key concepts within a therapeutic relationship including ethical issues.
Cultures in which complementary and alternative therapies have been embedded e.g., Chinese, Indian, Egyptian, Roman, Greek.
Contribution of key figures to the field of complementary and alternative therapies (e.g., Jung, Louise Hay, Louis Proto, Dr. Mikao Usui, Carl Simonton, David Benor, Carl Marks, Deepak Chopra, Barbara Brennan).
Progression of complementary and alternative therapies into western society: the integration of complementary and alternative therapies into western health care; reasons for the growth of complementary and alternative therapies in western society; the effects of the integration of complementary and alternative therapies in western society.
Overview of current debates surrounding the efficacy of treatments and the basis of explanations.
Evidence–base and legislative status of complementary and alternative therapies e.g., national registers, National Occupational Standards (N.O.S.); House of Lords Select Committee Report (2000) categorising research evidence for complementary and alternative therapies.
Regulation of complementary and alternative therapies: regulation systems (e.g., legislation, codes of ethical practice, regulative bodies, standards and enforcement of standards); reasons for regulation; effectiveness of regulations.
Generic skills: presentation skills, communication, ICT (internet, use of online journals, word processing, presentational software such as PowerPoint).
Study and academic skills: research skills; reading academic literature; judging the quality of source material; analysing evidence.
The module will be delivered through a combination of directed learning, research activities, case study scenarios, group activities, discussion and formal group presentation, and online activity. You will have two items of assessment. The first is a 2,000 word assignment and the second is a presentation of approximately 10 minutes.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Identify and understand the principles of complementary and alternative therapies which are practiced and identify the cultures in which they have been originally embedded and how they have progressed to western society.||
1.1 Describe the principles of two commonly practiced complementary / alternative therapies in terms of the treatment processes and techniques, and discuss the cultures in which the therapies were originally embedded.
1.2 Describe the progression of the two commonly practiced therapies (discussed in 1.1 above) into western society and the effects of this progression.
|2.||Investigate the contributions of a key figure in the history of complementary and alternative therapies and their impacts on the disciplines.||2.1 Describe the contributions of one key figure in the history of complementary and alternative therapies and his/her impact on the discipline(s).|
|3.||Understand the difference between the orthodox medical approach to health care and that of complementary and alternative therapies.||3.1 Compare and contrast the orthodox medical approach to health care with that of complementary and alternative therapies.|
|4.||Understand the implications of the House of Lords Select Committee Report (2000) or an identified subsequent report of equivalent stature on complementary and alternative medicine.||4.1 Review the House of Lords Select Committee Report (2000) or an identified subsequent report of equivalent stature on the evidence–base and legislative status of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and discuss its implications (e.g., for practice, education, research, and funding).|
|5.||Understand the need for regulation and evaluate systems for regulation of complementary and alternative therapies.||5.1 Comment on the current regulative status of specific complementary and alternative therapies and evaluate the effectiveness of the regulation.|
|6.||Have demonstrated academic skills at level 4.||
6.1 Demonstrate the following in your assessed work:
(i) appropriate structure and good presentation;
(ii) correct use of English (e.g., grammar, punctuation, spelling, style);
(iii) correct use of Harvard referencing;
(iv) theoretical knowledge appropriate to level 4.
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Assignment 2,000 words||Presentation (approximately 10 minutes) Investigate the contributions of one key figure in the history of complementary and alternative therapies and their impacts on the disciplines.|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
David, P. (2009) Understanding the Placebo Effect in Complementary Medicine. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
British Medical Association (1994) Complementary Medicine: new approaches to good practice. London: BMA
Darcy, B., Grey, A. and Seale, C. (1995) Health & Disease – A Reader. Buckingham: Open University Press
Fulder, S. (1998) The handbook of alternative & complementary medicine. Buckingham: Open University Press
House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology (2000) Complementary and Alternative Medicine: House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology Sixth report. London: The Stationery Office. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199900/ldselect/ldsctech/123/12301.htm [6 June 2009]
Marc, S. M. (2001) Fundamentals of Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care (2009) Low back pain: early management of persistent non-specific low back pain - Full guideline. London: National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care
Petersen, A. and Waddell, C. (Eds.) (1998) Health Matters – A Sociology of Illness, Prevention and Care. Buckingham: Open University Press
Senior, M. and Viveash, B. (1998) Health & Illness. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Sharma, U. (1995) Complementary Medicine Today: Practitioners and Patients. London: Routledge Taylor Francis books Ltd.
Alternative health practitioner: the journal of complementary and natural care
Complementary health practice review
Complementary therapies in clinical practice
Complementary therapies in medicine
Complementary therapies in nursing and midwifery
Aromatherapy Council http://www.aromatherapycouncil.co.uk/
Bolton Interactive Study Skills Tutorials Online http://data.bolton.ac.uk/bissto/
British medical Association http://www.bma.org.uk/
Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council http://www.cnhc.org.uk/pages/index.cfm
Department of Health http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/index.htm
General Council for Massage Therapy http://www.gcmt.org.uk/
General Regulatory Council for Complementary Therapists http://www.grcct.org/
National Institutes for Health: National centre for complementary and alternative medicine http://nccam.nih.gov/
The Prince’s Foundation for Integrated Health http://www.fih.org.uk/index.html
Research council for complementary medicine http://www.rccm.org.uk/
Skills for Health http://www.skillsforhealth.org.uk/about-us.aspx
University of Bolton – Online Resources http://www.bolton.ac.uk/Students/StudyResources/ElectronicResources/Home.aspx
University of Bolton – Study skills booklets http://www.bolton.ac.uk/Students/StudyResources/Library/HelpGuides/StudySkills/Home.aspx
|Host Subject Group:||Education|
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