15 credits at level HE4
This module builds on the knowledge of human anatomy and physiology that is essential for complementary therapists covered in the Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology module. You will research and explore the main diseases and disorders which affect each of the systems of the body and, thus, affecting homeostasis. You will also learn how progressive illness is treated within the Western health system for mainstream health care. The module gives an introductory exposure to the areas in the indicative content and the coverage will be appropriate to the level and number of credits attached to the module. The content of this module underpins complementary therapy practice.
• Understanding terminology: the meaning of health and ill health, diseases and disorders that affect the body.
• Illness and disease: psychological and physiological factors that maintain health; diseases and their causes; pathogenic organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and other micro-organisms that cause disease.
• Systems of the body and associated diseases and disorders:
o Skin: eczema; psoriasis; dermatitis; acne vulgaris; acne rosacea; impetigo; folliculitis; boils; warts; verrucas; herpes simplex; herpes zoster; tinea corporis; tinea pedis; albinism; vitaligo; scabies; conjunctivitis; styes; urticaria; bromidrosis/osmidrosis; anhidrosis; hyperhydrosis; basal cell carcinoma; squamous cell carcinoma;malignant melanoma.
o Muscular system: fibromyalgia; cramp; muscle fatigue; atrophy; myositis; rupture; spasm; spasticity; sprain; lumbago; repetitive strain injuries; bursitis; muscular dystrophy.
o Cardiovascular: anaemia, varicose veins, haemophilia, arteriosclerosis atherosclerosis, HIV/AIDS, high/low blood pressure, high cholesterol, hepatitis A,B & C, thrombosis, septicaemia, haemorrhoids, phlebitis, leukaemia, gangrene, pulmonary embolism, angina, stroke, epitaxis, myocardial infarction, tachycardia, bradycardia.
o Skeletal system: postural deformities (kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis); spondylosis; ankylosing spondylitis; tempro-mandibular joint disorder; osteoarthritis; rheumatoid arthritis; gout; bunions; rickets; osteoporosis; fractures; whiplash; prolapsed disc; osteomalacia.
o Respiration system: bronchitis; emphysema; pleurisy; fibrosis; sarcoidosis; pneumonia; tuberculosis; asthma; rhinitis; hay fever; sinusitis; whooping cough; laryngitis; asbestosis; lung cancer.
o Reproductive system: ectopic pregnancy; amenorrhoea; dysmenorrhoea; pre-menstrual syndrome; polycystic ovarian syndrome; infertility; impotence; pelvic inflammatory diseases; endometriosis; testicular, prostate, breast & ovarian cancer; post-natal depression; prolapsed; sexually transmitted diseases.
o Digestive system: appendicitis; cirrhosis of the liver; jaundice; heartburn; Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); ulcers; hernia; anorexia nervosa; bulimia; constipation; diarrhoea; gall stones; diabetes mellitus; coeliac’s disease; halitosis; crohns disease; haemorrhoids; flatulence; colitis; diverticulosis; diverticulitis; pernicious anaemia.
o Lymphatic system: Oedema; Hodgkin’s disease; lymphoedema; auto immune diseases; allergies; fever; mastitis; cellulitis; cancer (metastases); systemic lupus erythmotosis (SLE).
o Urinary system: cystitis; kidney stones; nephritis; kidney failure; incontinence; uraemia; enuresis.
o Endocrine system: Addison’s syndrome, cushings syndrome, pre-menstrual syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, hyperthyrodisim, hypothyroidism, seasonal affective disorder.
o Nervous: Epilepsy; neuritis; spina bifida; bells palsy; neuralgia; Parkinsons disease; meningitis; myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME); cerebral palsy; multiple sclerosis; sciatica; motor neurone disease; migraines/headaches; alzheimers disease; motor neurone disease.
This module will use a variety of teaching and learning strategies including lectures, classroom discussion, group activities, seminars and formal group presentations. For your assessment, you will undertake a research project and an examination.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Explore psychological and physiological factors of health.||1.1 Research two psychological and two physiological factors of health and analyse their impact on the body.|
|2.||Know the pathology of diseases and disorders within each body system.||2.1 Identify the causes, signs and symptoms of diseases and disorders of the body systems and their effects on the body as a whole.|
|3.||Understand the approaches of western health care for treating illness.||3.1 Research the medical approaches of western health care for treating illness and compare the approaches with the ethos of complementary therapies.|
|4.||Understand how psychological and physiological processes maintain health and homeostasis.||4.1 Explain how psychological and physiological processes maintain health and homeostasis.|
|5.||Have demonstrated academic skills at level 4.||
5.1 Demonstrate the following in your assessed work:
(i) appropriate structure and good presentation;
(ii) correct use of English (e.g., grammar, punctuation, spelling, style);
(iii) correct use of Harvard referencing;
(iv) theoretical knowledge appropriate to level 4.
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Research Project 1,750 words||Anatomy & physiology examination (1.5 hour time restricted, short answer, unseen)|
Before taking this module you must have successfully completed the following:
No restrictions apply.
Ahmed, N., Dawson, M., Smith, C., and Wood, E. (2006) Biology of Disease. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis
Arnould–Taylor, W. E. (2003) Principles and Practice of Physical Therapy (4th Edn). Cheltenham: Stanley Thorne Publishers
Berne, R. and Levy, M. (2000) Principles of Physiology. St. Louis: Mosby
Connor, J., Morgan, K., and Harwood-Pearce, V. (2006) Anatomy and Physiology for Therapists. Oxford: Heinneman
Fox, S. and Pritchard, D. (2001) Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology for the Massage Therapist. Chichester: Corpus Publishing Limited
Marieb, E. N. (2008) Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9th Ed. London: Pearson Education
Rae Siegfried, D. (2002) Anatomy and Physiology for Dummies. New York: Hungry Minds
Reid, R. and Roberts, F. (2005) Pathology Illustrated, 6th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
Scientific Publications Ltd. (2004) The illustrated portfolio of human anatomy and pathology. Rolling Meadows: Scientific Publishing Ltd.
Waugh, A. and Grant, A. ( 2006) Ross and Wilson Anatomy and Physiology in Health and Illness. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
Journal of anatomy
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