15 credits at level HE4
The module will introduce, reinforce and develop the theoretical and practical reflexology skills required to work in professional practice. You will acquire knowledge and skills to be able to assess clients with varying needs and devise treatment plans to enhance their overall well-being. You will study the professional and ethical issues relating to reflexology and how your working practice must meet the National Occupational Standards (N.O.S). Completion of this module does not give you a licence to practice reflexology, however evidence from this unit can be used towards a qualification in reflexology.
• Theoretical knowledge: history and philosophy of reflexology; the application of reflexology techniques (e.g., thumb walking, finger walking, sliding , pinpointing, hooking, rotation point and finger depth), relaxation techniques (e.g., effleurage, thumb kneading, rotation, lung press, spinal stretch); stress and coping mechanisms adopted by the body to counteract stress; potential physical, physiological and psychological effects of reflexology (both short and long term, after effects, possible benefits and risks); principles of zone therapy and reflexology (reflexology points relating to the body systems from skeletal, muscular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, circulatory, endocrine, reproductive and lymphatic systems); anatomy of the foot (including bones and muscle arches of the foot); ethical, professional and safety issues relating to practice; contra-indications, contra-actions, and cautions to treatment, GP referrals; consultation techniques and treatment planning; adaptations to treatment; aftercare advice; liaising and working with healthcare practitioners; factors affecting treatment (e.g., gender, culture, religion, age, disabilities).
• Practical Techniques: Factors affecting treatment; consultation techniques and treatment planning; how to apply reflexology techniques for the feet (e.g., thumb walking, finger walking, sliding , pinpointing, hooking, rotation point and finger depth), relaxation techniques (e.g., effleurage, thumb kneading, rotation, lung press, spinal stretch); referral areas/cross reflexes; foot care; adaptations to treatment; health and safety legislation.
• Professionalism: maintaining appropriate health and safety, legal and ethical standards including adhering to relevant codes of practice and standards.
• Evidence-based research in reflexology.
• Reflective Practice: Case history taking; professional clinical practice; treatment evaluation; development of reflective practice skills.
Study and academic skills: research skills; reading academic literature; reflecting on, and evaluating, practice.
Transferable skills and understanding: communication skills including active listening and questioning; diversity; working with others, ICT.
You will learn through a variety of methods including lecture, practical demonstrations, group activities, practical work in the college salon, tutorials and class-based activities. You will be assessed through (i) an assignment and (ii) the development of a work practice portfolio containing records of observations made of your practical work and your discussions, and your reflective case studies.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Have explored ancient and modern history of reflexology and its role in society today.||
1.1 Research the ancient history of reflexology (to include e.g., Ancient Egypt, China, Far East, India, North America, Europe and Africa) and research the roles key figures (e.g., Sir Henry Head, Sir Charles Sherrington, Doctor William Fitzgerald, Jo Shelby Riley, Edwin Bowers, Eunice Ingham, Doreen Bayly, and Renee Tanner) have played in developing the therapy.
1.2 Explain how the development of the National Occupational Standards has influenced reflexology to date.
|2.||Have understood potential effects of reflexology and factors that may affect or restrict treatment.||
2.1 Describe potential physical, physiological and psychological benefits, risks and side effects (including contra-actions) of reflexology.
2.2 Explain contra-indications and contra-actions that would prevent or restrict reflexology treatments and the appropriate action to take in specific cases.
|3.||Have explained the principles of zone therapy/reflexology and compared reflexology to orthodox medicine.||
3.1 Explain zone therapy and discuss how this has developed into the practice of reflexology.
3.2 Identify reflex points and areas on the feet and list referral areas/cross reflexes.
3.3 Explore current theories and hypothesis which inform reflexology practice.
3.4 Describe a selected disease and how it affects the body both physiologically and psychologically, research how the disease is treated by orthodox medicine and possible side effects of the treatment, compare how the disease is treated by reflexology and draw plausible conclusions of the pros and cons of the two types of treatment.
|4.||Have demonstrated effective communication and consultation skills, and the technical knowledge and understanding required to perform a full consultation with clients.||
4.1 Demonstrate effective communication and consultation skills in the consultation process during working practice.
4.2 Conduct a range of consultations with a variety of clients in a professional manner, investigate and assess clients’ needs accurately, and formulate suitable treatment plans to meet their needs.
4.3 Apply ethical and professional standards when undertaking consultations with clients and explain how these standards have been applied.
|5.||Have conducted physical analyses of clients, planned treatments accordingly and made recommendations to enhance the well-being of clients.||
5.1 Conduct a physical analysis of clients correctly, incorporating posture, body and skin types, and accurately record the findings of the assessment.
5.2 Devise suitable treatment plans based on the visual, verbal, and postural analysis of the client.
5.3 Make realistic recommendations tailored to clients’ needs, to enhance the well-being of clients (this is to include home care advice).
|6.||Have demonstrated effective reflexology techniques and maintained accurate client records.||
6.1 Perform reflexology techniques in line with National Occupational Standards, and correctly adapt techniques to meet varying clients’ needs and explain how you have done this.
6.2 Adhere to health and safety legislation whilst undertaking your professional practice and explain how you have done this.
6.3 Implement an ethical approach to practice and explain how you have taken an ethical approach when working with clients.
6.4 Complete client records correctly and ensure they are appropriately maintained to meet legal requirements (e.g., contra-indications, contra-actions, details of treatments, feedback from the client, any adverse effects from treatment and a disclaimer).
|7.||Have reflected on your professional practice and identified ways to improve your practice.||
7.1 Reflect upon your performance, identifying strengths and weaknesses, and how you can improve your working practices.
7.2 Evaluate the treatment plans you have devised and the treatments you have provided for clients and discuss how they could be improved.
|8.||Have demonstrated academic skills at level 4.||
8.1 Demonstrate the following in your assessed work:
(i) appropriate structure and good presentation;
(ii) correct use of English (e.g., grammar, punctuation, spelling, style);
(iii) correct use of Harvard referencing;
(iv) theoretical knowledge appropriate to level 4.
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Assignment 1,600 words||Work practice portfolio containing: Records of observations made of your practical work and your discussion (L.O. 4,5,6) Reflective case studies (L.O. 7, 8)|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
Crane, B. (1997) Definitive Guide to Reflexology. London: Element Books.
Cressy, S. (2002) Reflexology. Oxford: Heinemann
Cressy, S. (2002) Reflexology for the VTCT Diploma. Oxford: Heinemann
Dougans, I. (1998) Reflexology: a Practical Introduction. London: Element Books Ltd.
Gillanders, A. (1995) Reflexology - A step-by-step-guide. London: Gaia Books
Gould, F. (2005) Reflexology For Holistic Therapists. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes
Hope-Spencer, J. (1999) The Reflexology Workshop. Birmingham: The Crowood Press.
Issel, C. (1996) Reflexology: Art, Science and History. New York: New Frontier Publishing
Mackereth, P. A. and Tiran, D. (2002) Clinical Reflexology: A Guide for Health Professionals. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
Norman, L., Cowan, T, and Cowan, T. (2006) The Reflexology Handbook: A Complete Guide. London: Piatkus Books
Pitman V, and MacKenzie, K. (2002) Reflexology a Practical approach 2nd edition. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes
Alternative health practitioner: the journal of complementary and natural care complementary health practice review
Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery
Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Positive Health Journal
Association of Reflexologists http://www.aor.org.uk/
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