20 credits at level HE4
This module introduces you to the nature of society and the construction of crime in society, and the Criminal Justice System in the UK. It describes a range of organisational systems and services which manage particular offenders including women and men, juvenile prisoners, young offenders, those who are a high risk, and those who experience drug addiction and/or mental health issues. The systems and services examined include closed and open systems, approved premises, probation and intermediate treatment services. There will also be an opportunity to examine similar services in Denmark and other parts of the world. The Criminal Justice System is often presented as an objective and impartial organisation - Justice is blind is the underpinning mantra. However, it is important to question how the mass media influences public opinion and whether that public opinion can affect attitudinal changes within our justice system.
• Society and crime: what is society; perceived equity and inequities in society; core values; characteristics of groups; influences and interactions of groups, cultures and subcultures within society; the construction of criminality in the context of contemporary society; the creation of criminality and criminals; classifications of criminal behaviour.
• The Justice System in UK: the Criminal Justice Framework in the UK; the evolving nature of the criminal Justice System; the way the criminal justice system responds to major challenges; how the criminal justice system accommodates a wide range of offender behaviour.
• Offender groupings: categorisation of offenders e.g., women and men, juvenile prisoners, young offenders, those who are a high risk, those who experience drug addiction and/or mental health issues; subcategories to offenders e.g., older women, female juvenile prisoners; problematic nature of grouping offenders; stereotypical responses to groupings; description and examination of different groupings and the effectiveness of such groupings.
• The politics of security: security and the effective management of offender groups; security and ensuring quality and accountability.
• The mass media: influence of the mass media on the way our services for offenders operate; sensitivity of services to the mass media and public opinion.
• An examination of the systems in other countries: how the Danish system deals with offending behaviour and offender groupings; how other countries deal with offenders.
• Ethical approach: The ethical and acceptable response when responding to an “offender”; how should society organise services to offenders; the distinctions between punishment, retribution and rehabilitation.
• Study/ academic skills and reflective practice: Assessment requirements of the module; Harvard referencing; plagiarism and how to avoid it; study and academic skills at level 4; academic writing; introductory research skills (e.g., information seeking; internet; inquiry); reflecting on experience; evaluating your inquiry.
• Ethical practice: maintaining confidentiality and anonymity; sensitivity; integrity; seeking permission for project work from appropriate personnel in the workplace; working within relevant legislation (e.g., the Data Protection Act) and your organisation’s policies, procedures and practices.
• Transferable skills: Planning (e.g., planning an inquiry), time management; communication, giving a presentation / seminar, ICT (undertaking online searches; internet).
Some of the content relating to study / academic skills, ethical practice, and transferable skills are developed early in the Foundation Degree programme and referred to / refreshed in this and other subsequent modules as necessary. In the case of CPD stand-alone provision, they are explicitly developed in the teaching of this module.
The formal contact will be used to introduce you to the relevant literature and enable you to participate and contribute to seminar work and other activities. You will be provided with individual advice and guidance during the negotiation of, and undertaking, the assignment brief. There is ongoing differentiation to ensure module materials and practices are accessible thus modelling the principles that underpin the module and ensure that you are welcomed and receive support.
The module has two assignments, one presentation or seminar session and a written piece of work, which includes the creation, description and evaluation of an organisation for offenders.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Have an understanding of the current criminal justice system in the UK and its role in society.||
1.1 Describe the current criminal justice system and explain the role it plays in today’s society.
1.2 Locate your work organisation within the system and describe how it fits into the system.
|2.||Have an understanding of the developments of offender services.||2.1 Describe and comment on the key features in the development of offender services in the UK since 1950.|
|3.||Know the different ways of organising systems of security for different groups of offenders.||3.1 Compare and contrast the diverse ways of creating secure services for different groups of offenders|
|4.||Know the ways in which the mass media can influence public policy towards our response to offenders.||4.1 Analyse the influences from the mass media on the way offenders are treated in the UK.|
|5.||Have an appreciation of another country’s provision for serving offenders.||5.1 Investigate and describe provision for serving offenders in another country|
|6.||Have demonstrated academic skills at level 4.
6.1 Demonstrate the following in your assessed work:
(i) appropriate structure and good presentation;
(ii) correct use of English (e.g., grammar, punctuation, spelling, style);
(iii) correct use of Harvard referencing;
(iv) theoretical knowledge appropriate to level 4.
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||A 20 minute presentation/seminar An introduction and critical evaluation of a service for offenders in a country other than the UK. Explanation of how your chosen country manages (including security) the different groups of offenders and how this compares with the UK. Compare and contrast two different approaches to managing different groups of offenders (including security) in the chosen country and the UK. Equivalent to 1,500 – 1,750 words.||Describe the current criminal justice system and explain the role it plays in today’s society. Locate your work organisation within the system and describe how it fits into the system. Describe and comment on the key features in the development of offender services since 1950 in the UK. Consider whether the mass media may have influenced these changes. Equivalent to 1,500 – 1,750 words.|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
Gibson, B. and Cavadino, P. (2008) The Criminal Justice System: An Introduction. Hampshire: Waterside Press.
Kemshall, H. (2008) Understanding the Management of High Risk Offenders. . Maidenhead: McGraw Hill Education.
Obi, E. (2008) Comparative and International Criminal Justice Systems. USA: Hemmet-Heinemann.
Davies, M., Croall, H., and Tyrer, J. (2005) An Introduction to the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales. Oxford: Pearson
Pakes, F. (2003) Comparative Criminal Justice. Devon: Willan.
Sanders, A. and Young, R. (2004) Criminal justice 3rd ed. London : Butterworths
Surette, R. (1998) Media, crime, and criminal justice : images and realities, 2nd ed. London: Wadsworth Pub
Smartt, U. (2006) Criminal Justice. London: SAGE Publications Inc
Journal of Criminal Justice Education : JCJE
Bolton Interactive Study Skills Tutorials Online http://data.bolton.ac.uk/bissto/
Criminal Justice System for England and Wales http://www.cjsonline.gov.uk
Offenders' Learning and Skills Service http://olass.lsc.gov.uk
Prison Reform Trust http://www.prisonreformtrust.org.uk
The National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) www.niace.org.uk
University of Bolton – Online Resources http://www.bolton.ac.uk/Students/StudyResources/ElectronicResources/Home.aspx
University of Bolton – Study skills booklets http://www.bolton.ac.uk/Students/StudyResources/Library/HelpGuides/StudySkills/Home.aspx
|Host Subject Group:||Education|
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