20 credits at level HE5
In each of the primary, urgent and unscheduled care settings patients presenting with symptoms of minor injury and illness account for a significant amount of the workload. Out of these patients most will indeed have a minor injury or illness, a minority though will have a serious underlying pathology that will require a more robust assessment and management if optimal outcomes for the patient are to be achieved and identifying this group of patients is an essential task for all health professionals assessing patients with symptoms of minor illness. Increasingly pressures on health care resources and a wish for staff development now mean that many of these patients will be assessed by non-doctor health care professionals in non traditional settings. In an effort to contribute to the preparation of people to undertake these roles this module intends to provide an introduction to some of the commoner minor injuries and illnesses that can be encountered in practice so that health professionals can make a positive contribution to the care of this patient group.
Given the sheer number of medical conditions that patients can present with containing all of the knowledge and skills needed to safely assess and manage those with signs and symptoms of minor injury and illness in a single undergraduate module is an impossible task. To combat this and in an effort to provide a useful learning experience to students this module will focus on the most commonly encountered symptoms of minor injury and illness that are seen in practice. Students will appreciate the relevant anatomy, pathology and pharmacology that is needed in the management of patients with the stated minor injuries and illnesses. To guide practitioners decisions support tools, red flag symptoms and evidenced based guidelines will be identified and both there utility and limitations outlined.
As well as the clinical aspects of managing a patient with a minor illness the social and public health impact will also be considered. Strategies for supporting patients with these essential aspects of care will be described.
To further assist practitioners taking on new roles in the field of minor illness issues of professional accountability and scope of practice will be highlighted in order to inform professional practice.
Specifically this module will consider the care of those patients who present with.
Diarrhoea and vomiting,
Flu like symptoms,
Anxiety & depression
Musculo skeletal injuries
To optimisms access to this module by busy health care professionals the content of this module will be delivered in a variety of ways that means students can arrange learning opportunities around work and social commitments. University teaching will be combined with a number of electronic resources which will be accessible by students through the Internet. These will include electronic clinical simulations as well as podcast lectures and formative assessments that students can work through in a suggested manner. In addition to these resources students will be given directed reading which will underpin learning of the key facts that are needed to safely understand the conditions described. Tutorial support will be available to students who choose to make use of it by e-mail, telephone and in person. Given the fact that a significant amount of this module will be delivered electronically students taking part in this module should have both access to a computer and basic computer skills.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Recognise the utility of triage and use triage tools in the assessment of patients presenting with apparently minor injury and illness||
1.1 Describe the process of triage in relation to minor injury and illness
1.2 Use valid decision support tools appropriately to inform practice (such as the Manchester Triage System, Wells Criteria)
1.3 Recognise the limitations of decision support tools and maintain high index of suspicion for serious illness when this is potentially apparent or with in the context of co-morbidities
1.4 Identify red and yellow flag symptoms that indicate that further medical assessment is required
|2.||Use anatomical, pathological and pharmacological knowledge to inform the care of people with minor injuries and illness||
2.1 Describe the anatomy and physiology of structures relevant to stated minor illnesses
2.2 Describe the pathogenesis of stated minor illness
2.3 Outline the function of commonly used therapeutic agents in the management of people with minor illness
|3.||Manage patients with minor injuries and illness within ones scope of practice||
3.1 Justify care given to patients with minor injury and illness
3.2 Provide patient education about their injury or illness and promote concordance
3.3 Document all findings accurately and in a legally sound manner
|4.||Assess for and arrange ongoing care for people with minor injuries and illness that is appropriate to their needs||
4.1 Identify the impact of a minor injury or illness on a patents ability to perform activities of daily living in the context of their current health & social circumstances
4.2 Demonstrate understanding of the services available to support people as an alternative to hospital admission
4.3 Make appropriate referrals to services in order to enhance the care of and support people with minor illnesses
4.4 Identify antecedent events that lead to the injury or illness occurring and assess the ongoing effect that this could have on the persons health and social circumstances (e.g., alcohol use, self harm, falls prevention)
4.5 Recognise incidents that are suggestive of non accidental injury / illness and take appropriate action to safeguard children and vulnerable adults
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Assessment of knowledge and application of knowledge via multiple choice and Extended Matching Questions Pass mark 70%||Patient Case Study|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
British National Formulary
Johnson, G. Hill-Smith, I. Ellis, C. (2006) The Minor Illness Manual. Radcliffe Publishing, Oxford.
Manchester Triage Group (2005) Emergency Triage. Wiley Blackwell, London.
Stillman, P. Edwards,P. (2006) Minor Illness or Major Disease?: The Clinical Pharmacist in the Community. Pharmaceutical Press, London.
Waugh, A. Grant, A. (2006) Ross and Wilson Anatomy & Physiology in Health & Illness. Churchill Livingstone, London.
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