20 credits at level HE6
This module is linked to and follows on from Professional Development through enquiry and analysis 1; but may be completed as a stand alone unit by health and social care professionals involved in the synthesis and dissemination of evidence within their day to day practice in a variety of health and social care settings. Students will be expected to consider the growth of evidence based practice and the impact on professional practice that will impact on patient/client care. Opportunity will be given to develop knowledge and skills of critical thinking and reflection on practice and evidence, through systematic literature searching, critical appraisal of evidence and synthesis of recommendations for evidence based practice.
This module is designed to enable the student to:
Reflect on and analyse the contribution of evidence based practice on their role, practice area and the broader context of health and social care.
Demonstrate initiative and originality in the identification of questions that are informed by searching through a range of evidence.
Critically appraise the evidence to demonstrate comprehensive knowledge of the different types of evidence.
Critically evaluate research paradigms and approaches to explore their relevance and contribution to the health and social care setting.
Demonstrate effective skills of critical analysis, synthesis of evidence and to make recommendations for the integration of knowledge into the area of practice.
Critically reflect on the knowledge and skills required to participate in evidence based health and social care.
Evaluate theirs and others effectiveness in participating in evidence based health and social care.
The nature and management of knowledge and evidence.
The role, processes and application of evidence based practice in health and social care policy.
The research paradigms, their scope, limitations and appraisal.
Framing questions for evidence based practice.
Sources of evidence.
Effective efficient strategies for searching for evidence.
Hierarchy of evidence, appraisal and grading of recommendations in practice.
Research designs, including methods for data collection and analysis.
Ethics within the context of evidence and the application to practice.
Critical appraisal of different types of evidence for quality, relevance, validity, reliability and applicability.
Selection, use and evaluation of an array of critical appraisal tools; e.g. research design, specific appraisal tools and/or statistical tools.
Evaluation and judgment of evidence.
Use of evidence to change practice.
Effectiveness of self and others to contribute to evidence based practice.
Reflexivity and reflection within evidence based activity.
This Module will require the student to self-direct and manage his/her own independent learning experience. The area for investigation will be matched, as far as is possible with the interest, expertise and existing research projects of the supervisor. Topics will be identified during the earlier part of the course through formal discussions in tutorials between the students, the module tutor and a supervisor who has suitable research interests.
Topics will be chosen that give the opportunity for research that advances the boundaries of the student's knowledge but which also give students a realistic opportunity of completion.
Upon arrangement by the student, the dissertation supervisor will initially advise on the following processes:
1. Clarifying the terms of the project
2. Establishing a timetable for the project and dates for subsequent student/supervisor meetings
3. Identified learning opportunities
Supervisory support will form a key part of the teaching method, but ultimately, most of the learning will be student initiated. Supervisor meetings will continue periodically through the Project. A typical amount of contact time the student can expect is between eight and ten hours with the supervisor. Each meeting will be logged and a summary of the outcomes should be signed by both parties using the appropriate proforma.
The assessment for the module will be two assignments that require the student to:
1. Develop a question related to an issue from your professional practice. This should include discussion of the process involved in formulating a evidence based question. This could be related to service development or audit of a service.
2. Following on from the first assignment you should undertake a review of key literature to explore your professional question and to justify its purpose. The assignment should also identify significant issues that could affect the study.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||1. Analyse the process of formulating a question arising from professional practice||Develop skills enabling you to prepare a question to explore a practice based issue|
|2.||2. Critically analyse and evaluate evidence for its validity and clinical significance.||Undertake a review of key literature related to the problem.|
|3.||3. Synthesize the skills to make and use an evidence based decision||Identify and explain the most appropriate method of data collection and analysis. Explore significant issues that may affect the study.|
|4.||4. Develop information management skills to encourage the dissemination and use of evidence.||Explain the implementation of the research question; including sampling, ethics and access.|
|5.||5. Debate the impact of evidence –based practice and critically evaluate the usefulness in practice.||Present an argument related to the impact of evidence on practice.|
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||Develop a question related to an issue from your professional practice. This should include discussion of the process involved in formulating a evidence based question. This could be related to service development or audit of a service.||Following on from the first assignment you should undertake a review of key literature to explore your professional question and to justify its purpose. The assignment should also identify significant issues that could affect the study.|
Before taking this module you must have successfully completed the following:
No restrictions apply.
.Aveyard & Sharp (2009) A Beginners Guide to Evidenced Based Practice. Berkshire. Open University Press.
Barker J (2010) Evidenced-Based Practice for Nurses. London Sage Publications LTD
Bishop V, Scott I (Eds) (2001) Challenges in Clinical Practice: professional developments in nursing Palgrave, Basingstoke.
Blaxter L, Hughes C, Tight M (2001) How to Research (2nd ed) Buckingham. OU Press
Bowling A (2002) Research Methods in Health: Investigating health and health services (2nd ed) Maidenhead. OU Press.
Bowling A & Ebrahim S (2005) Handbook of Health Research Methods: Investigation, Measurement and Analysis OU Press.
Burns, S. & Bulman, C. (Eds) (2000) Reflective Practice in Nursing Blackwell Science, Oxford.
Cormack D F S (2006) The Research Process in Nursing (5th Ed), Blackwell.
Cottrell S (1999) The Study Skills Handbook Palgrave, Basingstoke.
Crombie (2010) The Pocket Guide to Critical Appraisal. London Wiley Blackwell Publications.
Crookes, P.A. & Davies, S. (1998) Research into Practice Balliere Tindall, Edinburgh.
Ellis P (2010) Evidenced-based Practice in Nursing. Exeter, Learning Matters.
Gerrish & Lacey (2010) The Research Process in Nursing (6th Ed) Oxford. Blackwell Publishing LTD.
Ghaye, T & Lillyman, S. (2000) Reflection: Principles & practice for healthcare professionals Mark Allen, London
Gomm R, Needham G, Bullman A (Eds)  Evaluating Research in Health and Social Care Sage Publications/The Open University
Gray (2009) Doing Research in the Real World. (2nd Ed) London Sage Publications
Hart C (1998) Doing a Literature Review:: releasing the Social Science Research Imagination Sage London
Hek, G., Judd, M. and Moule, P. (2003) Making sense of Research. An introduction for health and social care practitioners (2nd ed) London. Sage Publications
Holloway I, Wheeler S (2002) Qualitative Research in Nursing (2nd ed) Blackwell Oxford
Lindsay (2007) Understanding research & Evidenced Based Practice. Devon Reflection Press.
Knight P T (2002) Small Scale Research: pragmatic inquiry in social science and the caring professions Sage Publications
Moule & Goodman (2009) Nursing Research. An Introduction. London Sage Publications
Neale (2009) Research Methods for Health & Social Care. London Palgrave Macmillan
Newell & Burnard (2011) Research for Evidenced Based Practice in Healthcare (2nd Ed) Sussex Wiley Blackwell Publications
Parahoo K (2006) Nursing Research: Principles, Process and Issues (2nd ed) Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan
Pearson, Field, Jordan (2009) Evidenced Based Clinical Practice in Nursing and HealthCare. Oxford Blackwell Publishing.
Payne J (1999) Researching Health Needs: a community based approach Sage London
Peck J & Coyle M (2005) Students guide to writing Basingstoke Palgrave
Polit D F Beck CT and Hungler B P (2006) Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilisation (7th Ed), Lippincott.
Polit, DF & Hungler, BP (2002) Nursing Research Lippincott
Rebar, Gersch, MacNee, McCabe (2010) Understanding Nursing research: Using Research in Evidenced Practice. London Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Robson C (2002) Real World Research Sage Publications
Rolfe G, Freshwater D, Jasper M (2001) Critical Reflection for Nursing and the Helping Professions Palgrave, Basingstoke
Rowntree D. (2004) Statistics without tears: a primer for non-mathematicians Allyn Bacon London
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