30 credits at level HE7
The module is intended to introduce fundamentals to material design and processing. It introduces the basis of material characterization and advanced modelling, and covers materials for related microsystems for energy conversion and storage. Through this module the participants will gain a critical understanding of key materials and their functionalities, advanced material processing for the fabrication of the energy conversion devices and systems, material characterisation methods, fundamental materials modelling, and obtain knowledge and skills for designing and developing novel materials with targeted properties or functionalities. They will be trained to perform material and structure characterisation, to measure physical and functional properties, and to apply fundamental knowledge to technological innovation for renewable energy systems and devices.
• Introduction to renewable energy materials
--- pn junction
--- photovoltaic effect
--- hydrogen storage
--- piezoelectric materials
--- other renewable energy materials
• Material modelling and material design
--- Molecular modelling
--- Density functional method
--- Meso-scale modelling
--- Phase diagrams and alloy design
• Thin film processing:
--- Chemical vapour deposition (CVD) & LPCVD
--- Plasma enhanced CVD
--- Sputtering and other physical vapour deposition methods
• Material and structural characterisation
--- Structural characterisation (X-ray, SEM, TEM, XPS characterisation)
--- Topology characterization (AFM, optical metrology and profilometer etc)
--- Mechanical characterisation (stress and elastic properties tests)
--- Optical measurement
--- Electrical characterisation (IV, CV etc)
This module will be delivered in the form of short courses and workshops. Each short course will be self contained. The short courses will be of 5 days or 10 evenings, and assignment in the form of an Integrated Learning Package (ILP) will be provided so that participants will be able to complete the work within three months after the start of this module. The module will be assessed by completion of the ILP that must not be less than 4000 words. The ILP consists of three components in which Part 1 examines the candidate’s basic understanding of the concept, principles and awareness of the module, Part 2 requires probing and investigating selected classes of answers which reflect deep understanding of the subject, and Part 3 tests the candidate’s ability to digest, analyze and criticize the state of affairs and demonstrate an ability to defend, challenge and offer suggestions. In addition, individual or group seminar presentations will be organised to assess the candidate’s knowledge and attainment.
300 hours of campus-based learning, including:
Classroom sessions 28 hr.
Workshop 12 hr.
Self study 130 hr.
ILP 100 hr.
Seminar (preparation & presentation) 30 hr.
when you have successfully completed this module you will:
to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcome you will:
|1.||Understanding the functionalities of each materials used for energy applications, the performances, advantages and limitations of each material and their applications in the devices and systems.||Explain the functionalities, performances, advantages and limitations of each material used for energy applications. Understand material selection for appropriate application.|
|2.||Gain basic knowledge of material modelling and design||Discuss and explain the basic procedure and methods used for material modelling and design.|
|3.||Understand various technologies used to characterize materials and device structures, and the advantages and limitations of each technique.||Discuss and explain the technologies or equipment used to characterise materials, use the knowledge gained to explain how to evaluate surface, structure and crystal properties of a material used for energy applications.|
|4.||Prepare and present an oral presentation||Deliver an oral presentation and answer relevant questions|
Your achievement of the learning outcomes for this module will be tested as follows:
|Description||ILP not less than 4000 words. ILP consists of three parts. Part 1 - Short answer questions||Part 2 - Questions relating to probing and investigating||Part 3 - Questions relating to in-depth analysis, critical examination, defending, challenging and judging||Seminar presentation and question and answer session|
There are no prerequisites for this module.
No restrictions apply.
1. Xiao H, (2000) Introduction to Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, Prentice Hall (2000). John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006
2. Schroder D.K, (2006) Semiconductor Material and Device Characterisation
3. Poortmans J, Arkhipov V (2006) Thin Film Solar Cells, Fabrication, Characterisation and Applications, John Wiley, New York, 2006
4. Williams D.B. and Carter C.B., Transmission electron Microscopy, Plenum Press, 1996.
5. Briggs D. and Seah M.P., Practical Surface Analysis, Wiley 1996.
6. Goodhew P.J., Humphreys J, Beanland R, Electron microscopy and Analysis, 3rd Ed. Taylor and Francis 2001.
7. Rowe D.M., Thermoelectric Handbook, Talors & Francis 2006.
8. Alex C. Mayer, Shawn R. Scully, Brian E. Hardin, Michael W. Rowell, and Michael D. McGehee, Polymer based solar cells, Materials Today, 10 (2007), Pages 28-33
9. Frederik Krebs (Ed), Polymeric solar cells: materials, design, manufacture, DEStech Publications, Inc. 2010.
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